The anniversary of John Glenn's historic mission

He was the first man to orbit the Earth.
Posted at 5:44 PM, Feb 20, 2020
and last updated 2020-02-20 17:44:47-05

One of NASA's most important flights occurred on this date (February 20th) in 1962. NASA astronaut John Glenn became the first man to orbit the Earth. He circled the globe three times in just under five hours at speeds of 17,000 mph. The mission concluded when Friendship 7 splashed down just east of Grand Turk Island in the Bahamas.

Glenn Suits-Up for Launch
Astronaut John H. Glenn Jr. dons his silver Mercury pressure suit in preparation for launch. On February 20, 1962 Glenn lifted off into space aboard his Mercury Atlas (MA-6) rocket and became the first American to orbit the Earth. After orbiting the Earth 3 times, Friendship 7 landed in the Atlantic Ocean 4 hours, 55 minutes and 23 seconds later, just East of Grand Turk Island in the Bahamas. Glenn and his capsule were recovered by the Navy Destroyer Noa, 21 minutes after splashdown.

This mission helped NASA prepare to sent the first man to the Moon. John Glenn became an instant hero. After retiring from NASA, Glenn served as a U.S. Senator from Ohio. He flew in space again in 1998 at the age of 77. In 2012 he was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom.

Before he strapped in to orbit the Earth, Glenn spent three years in a NASA training program. He was one of the first to use NASA's Multiple Axis Space Inertia Facility. There were also teams of engineers, scientists, and mathematicians working behind the scenes to get the astronauts to space. If you have seen the film "Hidden Figures," you know there was a group of African American women, who worked as human computers to calculate flight trajectories and the like. The film centers on the work of Katherine Johnson, Mary Jackson and Dorothy Vaughan. These women were pioneers in our advancements into space.

NASA's Hidden Figures